Psychological manipulation is a type of social influence that aims to change the perception or behavior of others through underhanded, deceptive, or even abusive tactics. By advancing the interests of the manipulator, often at the other’s expense, such methods could be considered exploitative, abusive, devious, and deceptive.
The emotional manipulator is someone who intentionally acts to benefit others; uses mind distortion and emotional exploitation, with the intent to seize power, control, benefits, and privileges from a victim. It is important to distinguish healthy social influence from emotional blackmail. Healthy social influence occurs among most people, and is part of the give and take of constructive relationships. On the contrary, in psychological manipulation, a person is used for the benefit of another person.
The manipulator deliberately creates an imbalance of power and exploits the victim to serve him in what he wants to achieve. According to George K. Simon, psychological manipulation involves:
-Positive reinforcement: praise, superficial charm, superficial sympathy (crocodile tears), excessive apologies, offering money, offering approval, gifts, attention, facial expressions such as smiles or forced laughter, and public recognition.
-Negative reinforcement: involves eliminating a negative situation as a reward. Example: You won’t have to do your homework if you let me do this to you.
-Intermittent reinforcement: Intermittent reinforcement can create a climate of fear and doubt. It is created by sometimes giving positive reinforcers and sometimes not. Intermittent positive reinforcement can encourage the victim to persist. For example, in games the player wins money from time to time but usually loses it.
-Punishment: includes teasing, yelling, showing silence, intimidation, threats, insults, emotional blackmail, blaming, moodiness, crying
Emotional manipulators are people who, despite being very insecure on the inside, use the weaknesses and weaknesses of others to gain a position of dominance and influence other people to put their priorities ahead to satisfy their selfish desires, using them as puppets.
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